Humans are the only specie in all of existence with a mind capacity and consciousness.This privilege is what has given humans the lead over all of existence. Thus, a human is only living to his/her full capacity if he/she puts his/her mind to work.
The human mind is made up of four faculties; the reasoning, thinking, creative and imaginative faculties. To be human, is to put one’s mind to work by the exercise of the mind faculties. Reasoning, thinking, creative and imaginative faculties.
(i) The Reasoning faculty;
The reasoning faculty is the centre of human judgement. Its function aids in permitting humans to know and do things as they should be done. Thus, to be human is to be reasonable
Reasonability is the exercise of the human reasoning faculty in determining the right course, action and response in all areas of human endeavor. When humans fully exercise their reasonability, they will be able to govern themselves. This is the freedom humanity has never achieved; the freedom to govern themselves.
A human being is not supposed to be told all that is right. With the reasoning function of the human mind, a human being is supposed to know by mental instinct and consciousness what is right or wrong. This is the position humans have fallen from, leading to what we see today in our world.
Humans have become like animals, who need to be beaten, rebuked and heavily controlled just to have them do what they are supposed to reason and do.
The presence of policemen, prison houses, judges, etc. are all exhibit of the fall of human reasonability. People fight and kill others for unjust causes simply because of the fall of human reasonability. It’s time for humans to recover the ability to reason and know right from wrong.
When a human being fails to apply reason in his day to day actions, such will do things foolishly, out of the expected standard of a human being. This is contrary to what it really means to be human.
The human reasoning faculty is naturally imbued with instincts and consciousness of the truth which ought to guide humans in all they do. This principle of the reasoning faculty of the human mind was to serve as the inward regulator of human external actions and responses. Thus, humans were to live inside out and not outside in. Today the reverse is true as humans are influenced and shaped by their external environment.
The only way to reverse this negative operation is through adequate intake of quality knowledge, to reactivate the human reasonability. This is where quality education comes in.
Quality education is capable of activating the mind’s functions: Reasoning, thinking, creative and imaginative functions to their full efficacy.
(ii) The thinking faculty: It is human to be thoughtful. If one fails to think such will stink and sink. Thinking has to do with the mind’s ability to assess; research, reflect and contemplate.
With the thinking function of the mind, a human being is capable of taking full responsibility for his/her destiny.
(a) Assess; this is the thinking ability of the mind to consider and calculate. It permits an individual to do things only after serious considerations, enabling such to minimise mistakes and errors.
With respect to thinking, the present state of humanity is a sign that few people are thinking. This explains the reason why most human results are characterised by mistakes and errors.
The thinking faculty has in it the ability to consider and calculate, bringing to bare accurate and appropriate results with respect to needed human actions and responses.
Its time humanity got back to quality thinking. Most of what humanity has enjoyed positively in divers areas, are products of the thinking of few. With quality thinking, humanity can birth quality results.
(b) Research; this is the thinking ability of the mind to rethink on an issue in the quest and renewed search for new insight. This principle of the thinking faculty is intended to empower humans with the ability to come out with new results in all areas, while annulling progressively preconceived or predetermined conclusions.
It is unfortunate that, though all humans are endowed with the thinking ability to be inventors and innovators, many have buried this ability in the emptiness of pleasure. There is no pleasure seeking society which can reach the maximum of her potential.
(c) Reflect; this is the ability of the mind to recapitulate past events or issues. The reflective nature of the thinking faculty is intended to empower humans with the memory of the past, for the correction of the present and the redirection of the future.
Humans were not to be forgetful. Forgetfulness may lead to the loss of important memories, leading to the destruction of special information with respect to the past.
(d) Contemplate; this is the thinking ability of the mind to judge between two alternatives leading to quality decision making. Humans were not to be victims but victors. This was to be possible through the ability of the mind to think and to come out with the right decision or choice in whatever situation.
With all the above attributes of right thinking, it is expedient for humans to regain the ability to think positively so as to assume full responsibility for their destiny. It is human to be thoughtful.
(iii) Creative faculty: It is human to be creative. Creativity is the activity of the creative faculty of the mind to conceive and design new things. The creative faculty is the innovative and inventive function of the human mind. It is intended to empower humans with the dynamism needed for life.
This dynamism is capable of empowering humans to manage through creativity all what threatens existence. Humans are where they are today in many respect for lack of creativity. With creativity, humans can subdue the earth, bringing into existence new things and new ways of doing things.
A creative human can never be stranded. 80% of human frustration is linked to the dormancy of the creative faculty of the human mind. With creativity an individual can chart a new course, invent, innovate and establish a whole new system relevant and relative to the need of the time. It is impossible for humans to effectively function out of creativity. It is human to be creative.
(iv) The imaginative faculty: this is the photographic, telescopic function of the human mind. It has the ability to capture the future. Its projections are some times considered impossible; yet experience has shown that imaginations most times fore tell the future.
Most modern inventions, scientific and technological breakthroughs were previously human imaginations of ancient times. In those times, especially in the Elizabethan age, those with such imaginations where considered to be witches. Today, their weird dreams are here with us; this is the power of imagination.
It is human to be imaginative; capturing and projecting into the future.
In a nutshell, it is human to be mentally active. Mental activity is the exercise and the effective functioning of the four faculties of the human mind. By Dr Benard Etta (author of what it really means to be human)